BEIJING — China’s population growth has sunk to its lowest since the founding of the People’s Republic 70 years ago. With fewer couples opting for babies, the growth rate has slipped to 10.48 per 1,000 in 2019, lower than the US rate of 12.
The growth rate in India was 18 per 1,000 in 2017 though it may have slipped to some extent since then. China’s performance was slightly better than Japan which produces eight babies per 1,000 people. Despite the lowered growth rate, the total population in China crossed 1.4 billion. It was 1.39 billion last year. The number of babies born in 2019 slipped to 14.65, a drop of 580,000 over the earlier year.