China will invest US$1 billion in the construction of three 60-storey buildings at a megaproject near Sri Lanka’s main port, Colombo said on Tuesday, as Beijing seeks to boost its influence in the Indian Ocean.
The deal follows an earlier Chinese investment of US$1.4 billion to carry out reclamation work for the wider Colombo International Financial City development, located next to Sri Lanka’s harbour, the only deep sea container port in the region.
The countries hope the project, initiated by former Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, will create a financial centre in the Indian Ocean comparable with those in Singapore and Europe, drawing billions in foreign investment and thousands of jobs.
Sri Lankan officials said 60 per cent of the 269 hectare reclamation, which will include a yacht marina, had already been completed, with the remainder expected to finish next year. No completion date was given for the buildings.
“China Harbour [company] will put in US$1 billion to build three buildings,” Sri Lanka’s Urban Development Minister Champika Ranawaka said.
“These three 60-storey buildings will be able to attract more foreign companies into Sri Lanka.”
The controversial project was formally launched after a visit to Colombo by Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2014, but work was suspended by the new administration, which came to power in January the following year.
It resumed after the state-owned China Communications Construction Company (CCCC) entered into a fresh agreement with the new government in August 2016, despite geopolitical concerns from regional superpower India.
Colombo is a hub for Indian import-export cargo. Beijing has been accused of seeking to develop facilities around the Indian Ocean in a “string of pearls” strategy to counter the rise of its rival and secure its own economic interests.
After protests by New Delhi, Colombo removed freehold rights granted to the Chinese company and offered the land on a 99-year lease instead.
Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe visited the site on Tuesday to inspect the progress of reclamation.
“We will shortly have legislation to turn this area into a financial centre like in Europe or Singapore,” he said.
CCCC said it expected the project to create 83,000 new jobs and help Sri Lanka attract US$13 billion in direct foreign investment to develop infrastructure.
China, the largest single lender to Sri Lanka, secured contracts to build roads, railways and ports under Rajapaksa, who is facing investigations over allegations of corruption during his decade in power.